Protect Your User Data With The Cloudflare API Shield

Protect Your User Data With The Cloudflare API Shield

API-related activity has been steadily growing over the past couple of years, becoming a target for online attacks. As API attacks become a commonplace threat, having a dedicated defense system is imperative. This is why Cloudflare decided to add the Cloudflare API Shield service to their offering.  APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) are the middlemen between applications, taking information to and fro various servers, devices, users, etc. 

It is the very nature of web APIs (always staying online, open to queries from anyone) that makes them vulnerable to attack.  

That is why web API security should be taken very seriously. As companies keep moving to the cloud and API activity rises, the risks will do so as well. 

In recent times we have seen just how much consumers care about the way their personal data is being handled and stored by companies. When you do any type of business over the Internet where you store data, you are making a promise to your users that you will keep it safe. If that promise is broken, you may find your reputation (and by extension your bottom line) taking a hit. 

Yes, targeted attacks do happen, but the more likely culprits in these stories are bots! Little bits of code programmed to crawl the Internet for activity and test for weaknesses. Think of your protection system as a wall and the bots as enthusiastic carpenters with tiny hammers, just poking and prodding at your defenses until they spot a vulnerability and make their way through. They are tireless and relentless, so your advanced API security should be top-quality to keep them away. 

Luckily, we believe we have found a suitable candidate in Cloudflare API Shield. Let’s take a closer look at the risks it aims to mitigate and the features with which it will do so!   

OWASP Top 10 API Risks

The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) has made a dedicated list of the top 10 API security risks. Cloudflare API Shield has been built with addressing these in mind. We will provide a few more details about the ones we consider to be the most pressing. 

  • Broken Object Level Authorization – Exposed endpoints that handle objects offer a wide avenue of attack. By manipulating object IDs within a request, attackers can get unauthorized access to sensitive data. 
  • Broken User Authentication – Authentication systems are often improperly implemented or absent altogether. This allows attackers to falsely assume another user’s identity and log in as them. API security hinges on systems correctly authenticating users. 
  • Excessive Data Exposure
  • Lack of Resources & Rate Limiting – APIs don’t often impose restrictions on the amount or size of resources requested by a single user. This can lead to Denial of Service (DoS) and leaves a system vulnerable to brute-forcing. 
  • Broken Function Level Authorization
  • Mass Assignment – This occurs when companies bind client-provided data to data models, without properly applying properties filtering based on an allowlist. This allows attackers to modify objects they aren’t supposed to. 
  • Security Misconfiguration
  • Injection
  • Improper Assets Management
  • Insufficient Logging & Monitoring

Why You Should Use The Cloudflare API Shielf

Cloudflare API Shield Features 

API L7 DDoS Protection

This feature protects against layer 7 DDoS attacks. By leveraging rate limiting, API usage limits and DDoS protection, it deflects denial-of-service attacks and brute force attempts to log in. 

Schema Validation

A schema is part of a positive security model and refers to a set of rules governing the way others are expected to interact with an API. Instead of a negative security model (where characteristics are set for what a request must have to trigger an action) this model only allows requests that have been verified and approved according to the schema. It can set up things like requests, methods and operations on each endpoint, or parameters (input/output) for all operations. The most well-known schema for defining an API is OpenAPI v3 (aka the Swagger standard) which is the standard for defining RESTful interfaces. 

mTLS Authentication

Certificate-based identity should be verified with mutual TLS. This is a positive, allowlist model used by mobile and IoT devices that blocks connection requests from clients with invalid certificates. 

Exposed Credentials Checks

Sometimes, credentials are exposed by third-party database breaches. When that happens, attackers can cycle through these and attempt to log in to your website. To prevent it, the security system takes the credentials and automatically scans them against a database of leaked information. If there is a match, the login attempt is blocked and multi-factor authentication is triggered. 

API Visibility

If you don’t know it’s there, you can protect it. It’s that simple. When companies have thousands of APIs, unaccounted ones can quickly become a vulnerable spot and a complex issue to resolve. Automatic API discovery resolves the problem of rogue/shadow APIs by making sure all API endpoints are discovered and monitored. 

Anomaly Detection 

Sometimes individual API endpoints can experience volumetric anomalies. There is no blanket prevention method since every endpoint is being reached a different number of times and requires a unique threshold. 

This advanced API security system makes full use of unsupervised machine learning to determine separate baselines for all APIs. It predicts the number of requests that will be made for a particular API. So if it receives 150 requests to reset a password, it knows to block the session as anomalous, since it is probably an account takeover attempt. 

Final Words On The Cloudflare API Shield 

We hope we have convinced you of the utility that Cloudflare API Shield can bring to the table when it comes to protecting your business. 

Cloudflare as a company has been committed to improving and protecting the businesses that they work with, and we are very excited for what the future will bring. 

If you wish to find out how you can make the most out of Cloudflare API Shield you can contact us right here. We will be more than happy to lend our experience and passion for technology and business scaling! We will schedule a call right away to create an action plan that will help us take you from your vision to a satisfying and profitable reality! 

We hope to hear from you soon! 

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Camilla | Marketing Specialist

Camilla works hard to ensure that the Marketing strategies and executions are on point and data-driven, not only for our clients but internally at Profitable Media as well. She’s been coming up with innovative ways to reach and engage audiences for over 8 years.

Picture of Camilla B. <br><span>Digital Marketing Specialist </span>

Camilla B.
Digital Marketing Specialist

Camilla works hard to ensure that the Marketing strategies and executions are on point and data-driven, not only for our clients but internally at Profitable Media as well. She’s been coming up with innovative ways to reach and engage audiences for over 8 years.

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Vlad P. Marketing Specialist at Profitable Media, LLC

Vlad Popirda

MARKETING SPECIALIST

If you’ve been swayed, convinced, or otherwise persuaded by the writing on our page or in some of our emails, chances are Vlad was the man behind it.

Be it Social Media Management, Marketing Strategy, PPC Ads, or Copywriting, you can rely on him to get the job done.

With a Bachelor’s in Marketing and a Master’s in Advertising, his life’s work is to leave this world better than he found it, and he aims to achieve that by putting his talents in the service of the right people and helping businesses make a difference in the world.

Outside of working hours, you may find him singing Britney Spears songs at karaoke nights, or exercising his creativity in varied ways, such as playing chess, designing board games, playing guitar, or playing Dungeons & Dragons with his mates.

Alisa Villanueva Account Manager at Profitable Media, LLC

Alisa Villanueva

ACCOUNT MANAGER

Alisa is the glue that brings all the parts of our operation together. The one always keeping an eye on the bigger picture. The person that makes sure that it all works smoothly and on schedule, giving everything an artistic spin and flourish with her keen eye for design.

With her background in sales, customer service and art, it’s no wonder her strength is in communicating with people, be they our customers or us, her team.

While juggling her different tasks (Project Management, Web Design, Quality Control, Customer Service), one thing never changes: she will use her artistic sense to make a project unique and she will hear out the person she is working with, understanding their needs and wishes while integrating and tying them all together to create an outstanding final product.

When she’s not tuned in to her work, you’ll find Alisa taking ordinary things and making them beautiful. In her artistic endeavors she explores many different mediums of expression, like painting, ceramics, dance, and cooking. Among these, her dancing stands out, as she is part of a salsa dance performance team, doing gigs both locally and nationally.

Her dream is to travel and explore different cultures, which she is always doing from home by cooking and trying out various cuisines from around the world.
Short Excerpt:
Alisa is the one that makes things work smoothly and on schedule, giving everything she does an artistic spin and flourish with her keen eye for design.

With her background in sales, customer service and art, it’s no wonder her strength is in communicating with people, be they our customers or us, her team.

Zach Warshawsky Chief Operations Officer at Profitable Media, LLC

Zach Warshawsky

CHIEF OPERATING OFFICER

Zach manages the operational side of our business and coordinates all the work done by our team. He designs technical architecture and always keeps an eye towards the future, making sure his solutions are scalable. He applies his skills in all sorts of fields, such as Project and Team Management, Sales Funnels, Web Technology, Split Testing, Automation and CRM.

If there’s one trait he shares with Henry, it’s passionate problem-solving. Although he has been working for over 25 years in Sales, Marketing, Management, Team Building and Customer Service, perhaps his relevant business credentials start even earlier. At 15, he started a business selling and installing car stereo systems before he even had a driver’s license. Armed with a reseller’s permit and a passion for business, he started down the path of entrepreneurship and hasn’t looked back since.

With four amazing children and a wonderful wife in his life, his goal is set: provide the best possible life for them that he can. To that end, he works hard on helping clients scale their businesses through the use of cutting edge digital marketing tools.

His weapon of choice on this quest is not a coincidence, for his knowledge of technology is certainly top-notch. This can sometimes be a blessing and a curse however, when the Apple Genius Bar can’t solve a friend’s problem, it’s Zach’s phone that gets lit up.

To unwind, he spends time with his children, goes on weekly dates with his wife and is passionate about crafting culinary art… he unwinds and loves creating amazing home-cooked meals for his friends and family!

Henry Hamamjy Chief Executive Officer at Profitable Media, LLC

Henry Hamamjy

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER

One of the two men that started it all, Henry has a knack for judging character and managing the internal structure of our team. The go-to guy for when business owners hit a roadblock, he is well known for offering unique, scalable solutions to any issue that presents itself. 

With a background in Sales, Marketing, Management, People Development and Leadership, he puts it all to good use in the service of his clients and fellow team members, helping them better themselves. 

He’s a born problem-solver, breaking any seemingly impossible task into achievable actionable items.  He has successfully helped dozens of businesses expand to the 7-8 figure level, by designing and implementing extensible, supportive and responsive infrastructure that his clients could then leverage to their fullest advantage. 

At work, he loves helping our customers make their dreams a reality, taking businesses to the next step of success, guiding them all the while. Outside of work, he enjoys a good meal with friends and a nice Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignon. He also likes travelling with his family and exploring different cultures and finding out more about our world. Having dreamt of becoming a soccer player when he grew up, he has since traded that sport for another, namely golf, which he partakes in whenever he gets the chance.

Little known fact, he won the Atomic Spicy Food Competition when most of the people quit after just a couple of bites. Scientists have yet to come up with an explanation.